Clerke, Sir Clement

Clerke, Sir Clement
SUBJECT AREA: Metallurgy
d. 1693
English entrepreneur responsible, with others, for attempts to introduce coal-fired smelting of lead and, later, of copper.
Clerke, from Launde Abbey in Leicestershire, was involved in early experiments to smelt lead using coal fuel, which was believed to have been located on the Leicestershire-Derbyshire border. Concurrently, Lord Grandison was financing experiments at Bristol for similar purposes, causing the downfall of an earlier unsuccessful patented method before securing his own patent in 1678. In that same year Clerke took over management of the Bristol works, claiming the ability to secure financial return from Grandison's methods. Financial success proved elusive, although the technical problems of adapting the reverberatory furnace to coal fuel appear to have been solved when Clerke was found to have established another lead works nearby on his own account. He was forced to cease work on lead in 1684 in respect of Grandison's patent rights. Clerke then turned to investigations into the coal-fired smelting of other metals and started to smelt copper in coal-fired reverberatory furnaces. By 1688–9 small supplied of merchantable copper were offered for sale in London in order to pay his workers, possibly because of further financial troubles. The practical success of his smelting innovation is widely acknowledged to have been the responsibility of John Coster and, to a smaller extent, Gabriel Wayne, both of whom left Clerke and set up separate works elsewhere. Clerke's son Talbot took over administration of his father's works, which declined still further and closed c. 1693, at about the time of Sir Clement's death. Both Coster and Wayne continued to develop smelting techniques, establishing a new British industry in the smelting of copper with coal.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Created baronet 1661.
Further Reading
Rhys Jenkins, 1934, "The reverberatory furnace with coal fuel", Transactions of the Newcomen Society 34:67–81.
—1943–4, "Copper smelting in England: Revival at the end of the seventeenth century", Transactions of the Newcomen Society 24:78–80.
J.Morton, 1985, The Rise of the Modern Copper and Brass Industry: 1690 to 1750, unpublished PhD thesis, University of Birmingham, 87–106.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sir Clement Clerke, 1st Baronet — (d. 1693) was an important (but financially unsuccessful) English entrepreneur, whose greatest achievement was the application of the reverberatory furnace (cupola) to smelting lead and copper, and to remelting pig iron for foundry purposes.… …   Wikipedia

  • Clement Clerke — Sir Clement Clerke, 1st Baronet (died 1693) was an important (but financially unsuccessful) English entrepreneur, whose greatest achievement was the application of the reverberatory furnace (cupola) to smelting lead and copper, and to remelting… …   Wikipedia

  • Clerke — may refer to: Surname Agnes Mary Clerke (1842–1907), Irish astronomer and science writer Charles Clerke (1741–1779), British naval officer and explorer Charles Clerke (footballer) (1857–1944), goalscorer in 1879 FA Cup Final Ellen Mary Clerke… …   Wikipedia

  • Clerke Baronets — There have been three Baronetcies created for members of the Clerke family. One creation is extant as of 2008. The Clerke Baronetcy, of Hitcham in the County of Buckingham, was created in the Baronetage of England on 13 July 1660 for John Clerke …   Wikipedia

  • Dudd Dudley — Dudd (Dud) Dudley (1600 ndash; 1684), was an English metallurgist, who fought on the Royalist side in the English Civil War as a soldier, military engineer, and supplier of munitions. He was one of the first Englishmen to smelt iron ore with coke …   Wikipedia

  • Dud Dudley — Contents 1 Background and early life 2 Ironmaster 2.1 The Great Mayday Flood …   Wikipedia

  • London Lead Company — The London Lead Company was an 18th and 19th century British lead mining company. It was incorporated by royal charter. Strictly, it was The Company for Smelting Down Lead with Pitcoal. OriginsThe company was chartered in 1692 to investors who… …   Wikipedia

  • Reverberatory furnace — A reverberatory furnace is a metallurgical or process furnace that isolates the material being processed from contact with the fuel, but not from contact with combustion gases. The term reverberation is used here in a generic sense of rebounding… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Foley — (12 May 1648 – December 1716) was the youngest of the three surviving sons of the British ironmaster Thomas Foley (1616 1677). His father transferred to him in 1668 and 1669 all his ironworks in the Midlands for £60,000. He also settled an estate …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Howard, 5th Earl of Suffolk — (18 July 1627 – 10 December 1709) was the youngest son of Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, but inherited the title, because none of his brothers left surviving sons. He married three times: *By his first wife Mary daughter and heiress of… …   Wikipedia

  • Coalbrookdale — shown within Shropshire ( …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”